Celadon passed from favor and was inevitably replaced by white porcelain. This process began in China in the 14th century. At the same time in Korea, white pottery began to replace silverware in the households of the new royal family, as they followed Confucian precepts and tried to discover reality simply and soberly.
The ideology of Neo-Confucianism rejected the elaborate porcelain wares being produced in China, and instead encouraged the production of a simple, elegant white ware specifically our own.
In the course of the 17th century, Japanese potters learned the new Chinese styles and developed the sophisticated Arita pottery culture. Then European learned the techniques of making porcelain from Japan and developed their own European pottery in the early 18th century, produced in particular the delicate "bone china" in which the clay is mixed with calcined cow bones.
The White Ware produced in Korea in the Choson Era has its own qualities, differing much from the works produced in China and Japan at the time:
1) It is marked by the refined elegance and simplicity characteristic of the Korean gentry.
2) It uses symbolic designs such as dragons, peonies, arabesque patterns, pine or plum trees, flying cranes.
3) It leaves much of the surface blank, the designs are painted in a concise, clear manner.
The aesthetics of this White Ware suggest a oneness with nature.
It is the hallmark of Korea's Choson Dynasty, and reminds us of the way in which the Korean people of the period valued thrift, integrity, and simplicity.



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